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6 common causes of Constipation and its cure

Constipation is a problem of the digestion system. When your colon absorbs too much water from food due to slow muscle movement or other reasons, the food finds it difficult to move out of the body. The longer the food stays in the digestive tract, the more fluid is extracted from food by the colon. So, the feces become dry and hard. Defecation becomes very difficult. Constipation leads to a very uncomfortable situation and can cause stomach pain as well. Here are the common causes of constipation.

Having diet will less fiber

You must eat fibrous foods like vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. These are healthy foods and are good for the body. It improves bowel movement and reduces the chance of constipation. If there is lack of fiber in your diet then you can have constipation.

Not doing exercise

This is a common cause of constipation for old aged people. These people don’t work much, so due to lack of physical inactivity, constipation occurs. You must do regular exercise as you grow older.

Change in your daily routine

We all have a daily routine. We wake up at a particular time in the morning and usually have our meals at the same times of the day. When we travel, this regular routine breaks. This has an effect on our digestive system and causes constipation.

Not visiting toilet on time

When you ignore the urge of bowel movement and prevent yourself from going to the toilet, the urge goes away slowly. So, the stool inside gets hard and dried up, causing constipation.

Not drinking enough water

You must drink lots of water every day. If you don’t drink more than 6 glasses of water daily, you will have a higher chance of having constipation. Soda and caffeinated drinks can cause dehydration and these must be avoided.

Colon problem

If there is a problem in the colon, like the presence of a tumor, then the passage of the food can be restricted. This can cause constipation. Narrowing of the rectum or colon can also cause constipation.

Certain lifestyle changes can relieve you from constipation. You should drink lots of water, eat fibrous food and do lots of exercises. Laxatives are very effective for constipation, but these must be used with care. For severe cases of constipation, you should visit a doctor to find out the underlying cause of constipation. You should take prescribed medicine in case of severe constipation. If you are pregnant you must be very careful. By knowing what causes constipation during pregnancy can help you prevent this condition.

3 things you should know about head lice

Head lice is an infection that is caused by a parasite. It affects the head of a person, mostly affecting the scalp, behind of the ears, and on the neckline. The condition is rarely seen to be affected in other parts of the body like the eyelashes or eyebrows. The infection is also known as pediculosis. The parasite that causes the condition is wingless and cannot fly. It transfers from one person to the other mostly through direct contact or by sharing of the things used by the infected person, such as clothes, towels, brushes, and combs. The parasite has a life span of about thirty days but it cannot survive for more than two days if it is not on the head of its host. Head lice survive on the blood of its host and result in causing irritation and sores on the head. Head lice is mostly not a serious condition and are seen to be affected by children. Here are three things you should know about head lice.

Diagnosis

Head lice can be diagnosed by closely examining the scalp of a person. Nymphs, nits or adult lice can be found by looking through the hair. But this is difficult sometimes as the lice can move through the hair quickly than the fingers can find them. The location of the nits would let you know if the infestation is new or old. The infestation is an old one if the nits are placed about a quarter of an inch away from the scalp.

If you are not able to confirm whether the person is affected by lice, it is better to take the help of a healthcare professional. They can diagnose the condition by inspecting the scalp under a microscope. You can use a black light to see the presence of lice; nits will give out fluorescent light if kept under black light.

Treatment

Over the counter medication can be used to effectively get rid of head lice. But it is important to remove all the old clothing which might have been infected by the parasite. Pediculicide is the medicine that has to be applied on the scalp once the clothes are removed. It is important not to use any shampoo or conditioner before the application of the medicine. It is advisable to not wash the hair for a couple of days after the treatment is done. But combs can be used to remove the dead lice that are present in the head after treatment.

Prevention

As always, prevention is better than cure. So follow these steps and prevent head lice from spreading:

  • Do not share clothing that is worn by the affected person
  • Avoid hair to hair contact with the person who is affected by the condition
  • Do not lie on the bed, pillow or use the bed sheet or bedspread used by the infected person
  • Do not share towels, combs, and brush with the infected person

 

Lice infestation is not the serious issue in most of the cases. But the sores formed due to the scratching of the head can lead to other infections. So it is always a good idea to consult a doctor and get rid of the condition.

 

Infographic by: www.hairfairies.com

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